„Gemäß dem formalen Arrangement, das Hitler am darauffolgenden Tag bestätigte, sollten die von Rosenberg ernannten Reichskommissare die Jurisdiktion. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Jurisdiktion' auf Duden online nachschlagen. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Alle noch zu erbauenden bzw. noch zu weihenden Kirchen und Klöster wurden unter die Jurisdiktion des Erzbischofs gestellt. Die bereits bestehenden.
Jurisdiktion (Kirche)Jurisdiktion, die. Grammatik Substantiv (Femininum) · Genitiv Singular: Jurisdiktion · Nominativ Plural: Jurisdiktionen. Aussprache. (lat.: iudicare, bzw. ius dicere „Recht sprechen“) bezeichnet: die rechtsprechende Gewalt, siehe Judikative. den Bereich der örtlichen oder sachlichen Zuständigkeit einer staatlichen Behörde oder eines Gerichts. Itin die oberste Jurisdiktion der rømnischen Bi(chofe oder Pabste zu behaupten, beziehen sich die Ver. theidiger der. påb silichen Hoheit unter anderen auch.
Jurisdiktion Examples from the Internet (not verified by PONS Editors) VideoJurisdiktion
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Each such group may form transnational institutions with declared legislative or judicial powers. For example, in Europe, the European Court of Justice has been given jurisdiction as the ultimate appellate court to the member states on issues of European law.
This jurisdiction is entrenched and its authority could only be denied by a member nation if that member nation asserts its sovereignty and withdraws from the union.
The standard treaties and conventions leave the issue of implementation to each nation, i. Hence, citizens in those nations can invoke the jurisdiction of local courts to enforce rights granted under international law wherever there is incorporation.
If there is no direct effect or legislation, there are two theories to justify the courts incorporating international into municipal law:.
In the United States, the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution makes all treaties that have been ratified under the authority of the United States and customary international law a part of the "Supreme Law of the Land" along with the Constitution itself and acts of Congress passed pursuant to it U.
VI Cl. According to the Supreme Court of the United States , the treaty power authorizes Congress to legislate under the Necessary and Proper Clause in areas beyond those specifically conferred on Congress Missouri v.
Holland , U. This concerns the relationships both between courts in different jurisdictions , and between courts within the same jurisdiction.
The usual legal doctrine under which questions of jurisdiction are decided is termed forum non conveniens. To deal with the issue of forum shopping , nations are urged to adopt more positive rules on conflict of laws.
The Hague Conference and other international bodies have made recommendations on jurisdictional matters, but litigants with the encouragement of lawyers on a contingent fee continue to shop for forums.
Under international law there are different principles that are recognized to establish a State's ability to exercise criminal jurisdiction when it comes to a person.
There is no hierarchy when it comes to any of the principles. States must therefore work together to solve issues of who may exercise their jurisdiction when it comes to issues of multiple principles being allowed.
Territorial Principle : This principle states that the State where the crime has been committed may exercise jurisdiction. This is one of the most straightforward and least controversial of the principles.
This is also the only principle that is territorial in nature; all other forms are extraterritorial. Nationality Principle also known as the Active Personality Principle : This principle is based around a person's nationality and allows States to exercise jurisdiction when it comes to their nationality, both within and outside the State's territory.
Seeing as the territoriality principle already gives the State the right to exercise jurisdiction, this principle is primarily used as a justification for prosecuting crimes committed abroad by a States nationals.
Passive Personality Principle: This principle is similar to the Nationality Principle, except you are exercising jurisdiction against a foreign nationals that has committed a criminal act against its own national.
The idea is that a State has a duty to protect its nationals and therefore if someone harms their nationals that State has the right to prosecute the accused.
Protective Principle: This principle allows States to exercise jurisdiction when it comes to foreign nationals for acts committed outside their territory that have or are intended to have a prejudicial impact upon the State.
It is especially used when it comes to matters of national security. Universality Principle : This is the broadest of all the principles.
The basis is that a State has the right, sometimes even the obligation, to exercise jurisdiction when it comes to the most serious violations of international criminal law; for example genocide , crimes against humanity , extrajudicial executions , war crimes , torture and forced disappearances.
This principle also goes further then the other principles as there is attached to it the obligation to either prosecute the accused or extradite them to a State that will, known as aut dedere aut judicare.
At a supranational level, countries have adopted a range of treaty and convention obligations to relate the right of individual litigants to invoke the jurisdiction of national courts and to enforce the judgments obtained.
For example, the member nations of the EEC signed the Brussels Convention in and, subject to amendments as new nations joined, it represents the default law for all twenty-seven Member States of what is now termed the European Union on the relationships between the courts in the different countries.
At a national level, the traditional rules still determine jurisdiction over persons who are not domiciled or habitually resident in the European Union or the Lugano area.
Many nations are subdivided into states or provinces i. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. Want to learn more?
Related word jurisdictional. The Supreme Court ruled that the US government had no jurisdiction over crimes committed on Indian lands. A law passed in sought to strip the federal courts of jurisdiction to consider the detainees ' plight.
Cable and satellite channels are outside the jurisdiction of the FCC. The financial community would like to see conformity of rules and regulations between different jurisdictions.
Examples of jurisdiction. The enforcement of such regulations may be difficult where monitoring is poor or testing is accessed from foreign jurisdictions.
From the Cambridge English Corpus. A popular explanation holds that large green jurisdictions have been forcing their trading partners to trade or ratchet up their regulation.
These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
Within these jurisdictions, the occasions of liability and the scope of damages have been significantly restricted.
The final jurisdiction over what an intellectual is resides in culture, which becomes almost coterminous with a singular public opinion.
But its ascent to prominence should not and cannot be achieved simply by declaring jurisdiction over world affairs.